Industrial electric motors

The industrial sector is full of tools that are fundamental within the production chains and manufacturing processes. Many of these are unknown to most, being of purely technical relevance to employees and professionals. But actually understand what these are crucial elements of the industrial chain, and how they operate, is essential not only for information purposes but also to understand how much development, technical and mechanical skills there are behind the large area of ​​industry. In this case in this circumstance we will focus our attention on industrial engines, extractors and the various types of both of these key tools in the sector in question.

Types that you can find in the catalog of our products on the site.

Types of industrial motors

Let's start this in-depth study on the industrial sector and in particular on industrial motors, starting from the types currently used. First of all we need to do a first distinction between alternating current and direct current electric motors. Then from here there would be a second distinction to make between those previously mentioned and the step-by-step ones.

AC motors

Starting from alternating current motors also known as alternators, these are powered and operated by a non-constant current flow. They base them on a structure that hinges its essence on two elements: the stator and the rotor. The first constitutes the base, the fixed part, while the second is a sort of rotating metal superstructure. These two elements, coming into contact with each other through the intermediation of a magnetic field, power the motor. The aforementioned type of industrial motor is usually used for the operation of industrial washing machines, sewing machines and various types of household appliances.

DC motors

Despite the previous typology, this one involves direct current, therefore a constant flow and not an alternating process. There is one for this type of machine difference between brushed and brushless motor. The substantial difference is in the installation of the windings: in the case of brush motors it is on the rotor; in the brushless ones instead on the stator. The presence or absence of these copper fins then affects the power supply of this type of motor precisely because there is contact between the fins. While in the case of alternating current motors the field of application was that of household appliances, washing machines, sewing machines and so on, in the case of continuous cycle motors we move to the automotive, healthcare-medical, automatic vending and video surveillance sectors.

Stepper motors

The third and final type of industrial motor is that concerning stepper motors, which can be unipolar or bipolar. In the first case the power supply in the windings proceeds in the same direction, in fact the same one; in the second, however, it is directed in both directions. The degree of angle then distinguishes various models of this type of motor: from those with permanent magnets with a 90% angle to those with a round angle. The field of application here is robotics, servomechanisms or even telescopes: in short, all those instruments that require extreme rotation speed and angular movement for their function.

Operation of industrial electric motors

We have already partly touched on this issue in the distinction between the different types of industrial engines, with those with continuous and alternating cycles. In fact, in this regard we have highlighted the different power supplies available to the two motors, which in turn differ from the stepper motors. In short, depending on the variation in energy, the final product also varies and consequently its functioning. It sometimes involves the magnetic field, sometimes the brushes or even the angle rotation. A plurality of mechanisms where each has its own specificity and refers to a different field of application. In the case of alternating current motors, the voltage can even reach thousands of volts and, thanks to the use of the stator and rotor, it generates this energy armature. In continuous cycle motors, however, as mentioned, it is the brushes (copper blades) that play an important role, since through their contact they manage the flow of the rotor and stator (hence the brushless motors). Finally, the step-by-steps that focus on the electrical impulses of the windings. It is the latter that convey the energy induced into the motor and diversify its range of action: which is distinguished by rotation angles and axis displacement.

Operation of industrial extractors

Ultimately we focus our attention on industrial air extractors, equally important to the engines analyzed above. In fact, these machines allow the exchange of air within industries, which, especially when in contact with chemical agents, require a certain status of environmental conditions. In order to preserve not only the environmental conditions for the processing of chemical products and similar, but also the health of employees, extractors therefore play a central role. They are based on huge fans which suck air from the affected environment to convey it towards the outside. Depending on the power of the engine that powers them, these machines are able to move an increasingly greater quantity of cubic meters of air. Operating through the principle of natural conversionTherefore, the air extractor is able to remove fumes, dust and chemical agents from the environment, making it healthy and improving the conditions of use. There are various types: from wall-mounted to those mounted on the roofs of industrial warehouses. The former are more for interiors, and are placed in the crucial areas of accumulation of fumes and toxic substances of an industry. The latter, however, are positioned outside, also due to their large dimensions, and improve the air flow while preserving their working conditions. In fact, they are not subject to corrosion from external agents or particular maintenance due to their cutting-edge coatings and materials. The best extractors are those that manage to carry out the task of air exchange while maintaining a certain thermal comfort. So a double feature that allows us to quickly understand which are the best models to focus on.

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